Many things add air to the water like waterfalls/streams, fountains, plants, wind, but is it enough? Tricky question!!
In general, most large ponds are under aerated. This doesn't mean your fish are dying! Your fish can absolutely survive in your pond as is. Fish can live in very low oxygen environments. It is common that the top 3-4 feet contain oxygen, but the deeper water does not.
So what causes fish kills? A slight change to the water can make a dramatic shift in the oxygen level. The low levels that normally do not bother fish, can turn into a crisis situation.
Although waterfalls/streams and fountains add some oxygen through the movement of water, this usually doesn't create adequate levels of dissolved oxygen. Plants provide oxygen during the day, but consume oxygen at night. Underground springs contain little to no oxygen.
Treating pond water with a chemical algaecide or aquatic herbicide can cause oxygen loss from water as the weeds/algae die. Large algae blooms & weed growth that cover a large portion of the pond can also consume oxygen. Green water is especially notorious for major oxygen consumption. Weeds and algae produce oxygen in water during the day, but consume oxygen at night. Temperature rising in water also decreases oxygen levels. Any one of these things could push a pond with low oxygen levels to the breaking point.
Your answer- Bottom Aeration. Increasing oxygen levels by using an aerator to boost dissolved oxygen levels will help your pond in so many ways! Increases oxygen in times of need like hot water and chemical treatments. Aeration is very inexpensive to run 24/7. Aeration also increases the amount of space where your fish can live in your pond. This can boost your fish health and population growth.
Be sure to measure the ice thickness before each use! Turn off pond aeration systems or relocate diffusers to shallow areas that will not be used for on-ice activities. If the pond routinely has flowing water use extreme caution because flowing water can cause differential ice thickness and weak spots in the ice.Stay away from [...]
Well since we are water geeks here at Natural Waterscapes we thought we would share some fun water pics and facts from the recent and EPIC storm in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. First some advice: When your snow totals are measuring upwards of 10 feet, DO NOT ANSWER A KNOCK AT THE DOOR! Indoor skiing [...]
Don't overlook your pond this fall! A few simple actions in the Fall can reduce winter stress on fish and dramatically improve the spring conditions on the pond. Fall maintenance is crucial for continuing to maintain a healthy pond! Leaves and vegetation accumulate in fall creating a build up of organic sludge in the pond. Sludge releases nutrients [...]
Hurricane Proof your Pond Before the Storm!Shop pond outlet protection here.
Eliminate the Zika Virus carrying mosquito larvaeAs the Zika Virus continues to spread, there are a number of simple yet highly effective things that can be done to limit mosquito populations at both small and large ponds.Stock mosquito larvae loving fish Zika Virus carrying mosquito larvae are like candy to some fish species. A variety of minnow species [...]
Why is aeration so important especially during the dog days of summer?As the summer heat rises and the number of daylight hours decreases it is critical to provide oxygen to ponds and lakes. Warm water holds MUCH less dissolved OxygenWarm water can not absorb as much oxygen as cold water so water temperatures above 70 [...]
When treating with natural treatments:Don't apply products like MuckAway & PondClear at the same time as chemicals- wait 72 hours after chemical application so that the chemical doesn't kill the good bacteriaKnow your pond size! Underdosing with treatments can lead to limited results. Overdosing with natural treatments won't harm the fish, but it won't make [...]
American Pondweed- ULTRA PONDWEED DEFENSE Mixed With ALGAE DEFENSE (best fast-acting solution), AQUATHOL K (excellent fast-acting solution), AQUATHOL SUPER K (excellent fast-acting solution), ULTRA PONDWEED DEFENSE (fast-acting solution), CLIPPER (long-term solution, but slow acting)Curly Leaf Pondweed- ULTRA PONDWEED DEFENSE Mixed With ALGAE DEFENSE (best fast-acting solution), AQUATHOL K (excellent fast-acting solution), AQUATHOL SUPER K (excellent fast-acting solution),ULTRA PONDWEED DEFENSE (fast-acting solution), CLIPPER (long-term [...]
Perhaps nothing turns a pond surface green faster than Duckweed or watermeal. These to rapid growing floating plants can spread over the entire pond surface in just weeks. It is critical to kill duckweed early in the season to gain the upper hand and prevent future growth. Duckweed packs starch into it's cell structure as [...]